I came across an interesting annotated bibliography the other day. It’s been produced by the Western Australian Department for Communities and provides a brief, easy to read summary of a small amount of literature on a number of topics. The topics include: parenting; strengths-based approach; attachment; early brain development; play; ecological model; family partnership training program; asset-based community development; families and capacity and community building; circle of security training; CALD parenting; Aboriginal parenting.
It doesn’t provide a detailed summary of the papers discussed but summarises a few key points. For example here is what it has to say about Kretzman’s and McKnights Building Communities from the Inside Out:
- A common/traditional approach to community development focuses on a community’s needs, deficiencies and problems. Asset-based community development leads to the development of policies and activities based on capacities, skills and assets of a community.
- Asset-based community development is defined by the following characteristics:
- the capacities of its individuals, associations and institutions form the asset base of every community
- this strategy concentrates on agenda building and the problem-solving capacities of local residents, associations and institutions
- the process is ‘relationships driven’—community developers need to constantly build and rebuild the relationship between and among local residents, local associations and local institutions.
- Roles and processes outlined: An inventory of gifts, skills and capacities of the community’s residents is ascertained and then mobilised for community-building purposes. Community builders need to gain knowledge of community associations and community facilities/services, which can become active and important contributors to the development process. Private businesses, nor for profit organisations and public institutions also make up the formal part of a community’s fabric; enlisting them in the process of community development is essential to the success of any project.
While it is a bit limited, (and for some reason it says of Kretzmann and McKnight Mapping Community Capacity “Refer to this document for templates of a ‘needs-oriented’ neighbourhood map and ‘needs surveys’” when it provides examples of asset mapping) it is a good starting point.
Department for Communities (2009). Parenting WA Strategic Framework: Background Literature Review. Perth: Government of Western Australia, Department for Communities. Available from http://www.communities.wa.gov.au/childrenandfamilies/parentingwa/Documents/Literature%20Review%20for%20PWA%20Strategic%20Framework%20final%20_2_%20Updated.pdf.