Oxfam Canada and the Coady International Institute have been doing some asset based community driven development (ABCD) in Ethiopia. Below are three videos explaining how it has changed the lives of three women.
To be honest, while the videos are interesting and inspiring, they don’t really show how ABCD was used. Some Oxfam leaflets (which I haven’t been able to find on the internet) and a report by Peters, Gonsamo and Molla (2011) give more of an indication of how ABCD works in practice in this context.
Oxfam and Coady have been working with three local partners (Kembatti Mentti Gezzima-Tope, Hundee, and Agri-Service Ethiopia) using ABCD processes. The projects include:
- Appreciative interviewing to explore positive past changes that have been community driven. Through this process, participants are encouraged to focus on past success thereby highlighting their skills and expertise, and helping to build their confidence; it introduces a strengths-based approach; it helps to demonstrate the external facilitator is there to listen and learn and is not an “expert” with all the answers; and it helps to identify some common themes.
- Asset mapping to identify community resources (including the skills of individuals). Some of the strategies used include:
- A transect walk which involves drawing an imaginary line across an area (capturing as much diversity as possible) and walking along the line capturing observations (particularly in relation to assets and opportunities).
- The Leaky Bucket which explores what comes into the local economy and what flows out, which allows the community to consider how to increase money coming into the community and reducing money “leaking out” of the local community.
- Creating a vision and action plan. It is important that asset mapping is not just a data collection exercise but that it also encourages discussion about how the community can mobilise their assets and take action. By starting with their assets, possibilities for action emerge.
It is also worth mentioning that much of their evaluation is based on the “Most Significant Change” technique, in which groups of participants are asked to identify the most significant changes that had occurred since the start of the project, to indicate why these changes were of particular importance to the community, and to illustrate each change they had selected with a story.
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Peters, B., Gonsamo, M., & Molla, S. (2011). Capturing unpredictable and intangible change: Evaluating an asset-based community development (ABCD) approach in Ethiopia. Antigonish, Canada: Coady International Institute.
[Added: 15 March 2013]
Peters, B. (Ed.). (2013). Applying an Asset-Based Community-Driven Development approach in Ethiopia, 2003-2011: Final internal evaluation report. Antigonish, Canada: Coady International Institute.