Tag Archives: Spectrum of Public Participation

A continuum of engagement: A focus on the individual to a focus on the collective

A definition of community engagement by the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning [1] reminds us that community engagement has a focus on the collective rather than the individual: Community engagement… is a planned process with the specific purpose … Continue reading

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Graphic depictions of the Spectrum of Public Participation

Tim Bonnemann, the founder of Intellitics and a previous board member of the International Association of Public Participation (IAP2) in the USA, has been collecting graphic depictions of the Spectrum of Public Participation and its variations for a number of years. … Continue reading

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What is the Spectrum of Public Participation?

The Spectrum of Public Participation was developed by the International Association of Public Participation (IAP2) to help clarify the role of the public (or community) in planning and decision-making, and how much influence the community has over planning or decision-making … Continue reading

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